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What should you do to prepare?
Consulting your physician and ophthalmologist before undergoing LASIK surgery is highly recommended, to make sure you are healthy enough and suited to surgery. Patient’s ophthalmologist can review their condition help them know what to expect. The evaluation results and the examination will be paired with other tests to make sure they can benefit from the surgery and achieve utmost accuracy.
The patient should closely follow the instructions they receive during their consultation. In general, they will be required to stop wearing soft contact lenses at least two full weeks before the surgery. If the patient wears gas permeable lenses, they need to stop using them at least four full weeks before the procedure.
If they have other questions about preparing for the surgery, they should immediately ask them during their consultation to avoid any confusion later during the surgical procedure. Your eye doctor also evaluates which areas of your cornea need reshaping and determines the precise amount of tissue to remove from your cornea.
LASIK can permanently improve the vision and remove the need for eyeglasses or corrective contact lenses. This can make a patient’s life substantially easier and significantly improve their eyesight. If you’d like to learn more about LASIK eye surgery, as well as alternatives for correcting vision, schedule a consultation with an expert.
Before surgery, the surgeon may discuss the risks and benefits of LASIK, what to expect before and after surgery, and any questions the patient may have.
Steps one must take to prepare for surgery include
- Cost of surgery. Most insurance companies don’t cover the cost of LASIK surgery as it is usually considered elective surgery. The patient should be prepared to pay out-of-pocket for their surgery expenses in case this happens.
- Arrange for a ride home. A patient will need someone to drive them to and from the place of surgery. Immediately after surgery, the patient might feel the effects of medicine given to them before surgery, and their vision may be blurry.
- Skip the makeup. It is recommended to avoid using eye makeup, cream, perfumes or lotions on the day before and the day of the surgery. The doctor may also instruct the patient to clean their eyelashes daily or more often in the days leading up to surgery, to remove debris and minimize any risk of infection.
Who should undergo LASIK
LASIK eye surgery is an exciting option for those at least 18 years of age or above 21 in some cases or those who have eyesight issues like nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. It is a procedure that lasts mere minutes and transforms the patient’s eyesight back to the way it used to be.
The process of eye surgeries has improved over the past 25 years so that one can now choose bladeless LASIK eye surgery over traditional LASIK eye surgery. With LASER LASIK comes a variety of great benefits. Even if some people haven’t considered laser surgery, they may still show some signs of being completely ready for bladeless LASIK eye surgery.
Following are the symptoms for people who may require LASIK
- If you are tired of wearing glasses that slip down your nose, steam up while going through rooms and outdoors.
- You’ve reached a point where you simply can’t do anything without your glasses or contacts.
- Contact lenses bother your eyes. You suffer from dry eyes or irritated eyes that worsen day after day you wear your contact lenses.
- Your job requires good eyesight. If you happen to break your glasses or destroy a contact lens, you are unable to work effectively.
- Even you feel that with bladeless LASIK, your downtime and light sensitivity will be greatly reduced.
- You love water sports but u face difficulty seeing in water at the same time.
- You lose your glasses or contacts easily, and you can’t see clearly enough without them.
- You are not a candidate for traditional LASIK. However, with bladeless LASIK eye surgery, guidelines are different, so you may actually be the ideal candidate.
- You’ve been waiting to be assured that LASIK is a safe choice, delivering even more precise correction than ever and now you are sure and want to go ahead with it.
- The idea of being awake for the traditional surgical procedure on your eyes is daunting hence you wish too ahead with laser lasik.
How Is LASIK Surgery Performed?
Firstly the eye surgeon uses either a mechanical surgical tool called a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser to create a thin, circular “flap” in the cornea. The surgeon then folds back the hinged flap to access the stroma and removes some corneal tissue using an excimer laser.
This highly specialized laser uses a cool ultraviolet light beam to remove ablate or also known as microscopic amounts of tissue from the cornea to reshape it so it more accurately focuses light on the retina for improved vision.
For nearsighted people, the goal is to flatten the cornea and with farsighted people, a steeper cornea is desired. It is a misconception that LASIK cannot treat astigmatism but excimer lasers also can correct astigmatism by smoothing an irregular cornea into a more normal shape.
After the laser reshapes the cornea and the flap is then laid back in place, covering the area where the corneal tissue was removed from. Then the cornea is allowed and left to heal naturally.
Laser eye surgery requires no bandages or stitches, only topical anaesthetic drops. The procedure is painless. The patient might feel a little pressure on the eye when the doctor is making the flap for about 15 seconds because there is a suction device on the eye. If the patient closes their eyelid and press on their eye firmly with the thumb, they can simulate the pressure feeling they get when the LASIK flap is made. The laser portion of the treatment to correct the vision takes less than a minute, also doesn’t cause any pain because the surgeon applies numbing drops to the eyeball beforehand.
Post-LASIK Surgery Care
After the LASIK procedure, some patients may experience some pain or sensitivity because topical anesthesia is worn off in about 15 to 20 minutes post surgery. Some patients report feeling mild discomfort in the form of irritated eyes, a foreign body sensation in the eye or tearing/watering after the surgery has finished. The surgeon may suggest a mild pain reliever as part of the post-operative care. Also, it is fine if the eyes feel dry for the first several weeks after LASIK surgery, and the doctor may recommend drops to help with this temporary dryness. The patient might have discomfort, usually scratchiness in their eye or show light sensitivity. With LASIK, that feeling lasts about four to six hours. Patients usually go home and sleep off and take extra medicines in some cases so they can’t scratch their eyes.
Most LASIK patients notice positive results in vision within the first couple of days of their recovery, however, the speed of recovery depends on personal healing patterns and the amount of correction done during surgery.
Many patients feel comfortable after wearing protective eye shields. For the first few days after LASIK, it is also recommended that patients wear these plastic eye shields while sleeping to prevent any unconscious eye-rubbing. It’s important not to rub your eyes during the early healing stage.
Returning to Normal Activities
Many patients return to work within a day or two post their LASIK procedure. There are few restrictions they must follow. Otherwise, as long as their doctor’s instructions they are free to resume all of their normal activities.
- Your doctor will tell you when it is safe for you to drive after surgery, which is typically after one day.
- Wear UV safe sunglasses to protect your eyes for at least the first week after LASIK surgery.
- Avoid reading books or any material with the small font for the first few days after your LASIK procedure.
- For females, do not wear eye makeup for one week at least.
- Do not rub your eyes for at least a month after you have LASIK.
- Do not exercise for a week.
- Avoid water sports such as swimming, hot tubs and whirlpools for two week after your procedure.
- Avoid gardening and dusty environments for two week.
- Avoid contact sports that could result in an eye injury for a month.
- For habitual smokers, smoking is moderately allowed, but the smoke may irritate your eyes.
Risks or complications associated with LASIK
Having to wear prescription glasses or lenses even after your LASIK surgery is the most common risk. List of risks also includes overcorrection or under correction of eyesight, as well as the potential for Infection from any surgical procedure — and the same is true for LASIK.
The risk of infection is really low with LASIK and it is hardly one out of a couple thousand patients. Most of the infections are peripheral i: e they don’t lead to loss of vision. However, it’s still a risk to be considered.
There is also a certain number of other complications include bumping the eye and moving the flap, which would cause little wrinkles to develop under the flap. In such a case, the patient would have to get the flap straightened out.
The flap and the inflammation under the flap can also be treated with cortisone drops. Particularly at night time, a patient can experience glare or halos. Such symptoms will resolve for most people three to six months after surgery. However, there are many patients who have persistent glare or halos even after the six-month post-surgery.
Why choose currae Hospital?
Receive treatment from best in class eye experts at Currae Eye Speciality Hospital that is guaranteed to speed healing. Experience a vast and ever-expanding array of amenities at NABH accredited infrastructure with post-operative care.