In women, if there is a sudden alteration in the ovulation timings, or in the menstrual cycle, then it can be a symptom of a disease that might lead to infertility.
In some cases, hormonal issues can lead to infertility. If you are experiencing a combination of 2 or more than two of the problems listed below, chances are you have hormonal issues.
Some strong indicators of problems that may cause infertility are:
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition that affects how a woman’s ovaries work.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (pronounced as “pah-lee-SIS-tik OH-Vuh-ree SIN-drohm”) is a medical issue in which the quantity of hormones released in your body is more or less than the healthy balance. PCOS may lead to some undesirable changes in the way you look. It can also cause your periods to become irregular or painful. More importantly, if left untreated for a long period of time, it can also lead to heart disease or diabetes. As a common symptom, most patients might grow small cysts on their ovaries due to this syndrome. These cysts themselves might not cause problems but they may cause an imbalance of hormones.
Symptoms tend to be mild at first. You may have only a few symptoms or a lot of them. The most common symptoms are:
Endometriosis is a disease which if detected early, can be solved easily and should not cause any problems to your ability to conceive.
Endometriosis (en-doe-me-tree-O-sis) is a painful disorder that causes the uterine tissue to be found outside the uterus and on ovaries or fallopian tubes and even on bladder and bowel. In rare cases, that tissue can spread out from pelvic organs. Symptoms were: pain and menstrual cramps, painful bowel movements in your period cycle, pain when having sexual intercourse, diarrhea.
The problem with this disease is that the tissue behaves like an endometrial tissue. Since this dissociated tissue continues to act as it normally would — it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. And because this displaced tissue cannot get out of your body, it causes these symptoms and may lead to fertility problems.
Pelvic pain is the primary symptom of this disease. But cramping can also be experienced by some women. It’s common to face cramps in your period cycle. But as per the experience of PCOS patients, in their case, the cramps and pain are a lot worse compared to a healthy woman.
Common signs and symptoms of endometriosis may include:
Secondary infertility is the problem where the woman was able to get pregnant successfully before but was not able to conceive while attempting for another baby. It can be particularly frustrating because you were able to conceive without any problems in the past. The diagnosis process is same as primary fertility examination,
The medical problem where the ovary is not able to perform regular reproductivity functions is known as Diminished Ovarian Reserve (DOR) injury. Age is the primary reason behind this issue but injury or a disease may also lead to this issue.
Symptoms of DOR
Unfortunately, there are no clear visible symptoms of DOR that women show. Over the time, the women may experience their menstrual cycle shortening (that is, 23 days from earlier 28 days). As the menopause comes close, the estrogen levels start to drop, and women may exhibit symptoms of the same. That is, sleeping issues, periods getting missed, dryness in the vagina and hot flashes.
How is DOR treated?
There is no cure available as of now that can stop the ovarian aging or slow the process down. However, once the disease has been identified, procedures are implemented to speed up the time to conception. Doctors may also cryo-freeze the patient’s eggs or the embryos so that if the patient intends to conceive in future, he can use these resources. DOR patients that have opted for IVF may be given comparatively higher doses of ovary stimulation medicines. But, once the ovaries stop responding to the medicines or if there are endocrinological failures, then donor eggs are used to ensure that the patient can still conceive. If the patient has reached the stage of menopause, she can still conceive by using eggs donated by young women (typically in their 20s). Even in its initial stages, DOR can cause miscarriages or reduce the probability of conceiving. Age is also a factor. The complexity of clinical procedures increases with the age of the patient.
A fibroid is non-cancerous growths that can grow inside or around the womb. In some cases, this might create a blockage in the fallopian tubes or stop a fertilized egg from attaching to the patient’s womb.
When in your uterus and uterine cavity experiences growths that are attached to your inner wall, it is called uterine polyps. If the cell overgrowth is in the lining of the patient’s uterus (endometrium), it is called endometrial polyps. Mostly, these polyps are non-cancerous but in some cases, they can be cancerous and may lead to cancer. Seek medical care if you experience bleeding from the vagina after menopause, in between your periods or your menstrual bleeding becomes irregular.
When the inner lining of the uterus breaks through the muscular wall of the uterus, this condition is called Adenomyosis. Symptoms of Adenomyosis are pressure in lower abdomen, menstrual cramps, bloating, heavy periods. The condition can be in one particular area of the uterus or throughout the uterus. Typically, this condition is not life-threatening but the heavy bleeding and the occasional pain can create problems in the woman’s life.
Depending on the age of the patient, the cause and the duration for the patient has remained infertile, treatment is decided. Some patients may need just one or two therapies and they are successful in their fertility attempts. However, in some cases, multiple types of treatments may be required.
Here are some of the treatment procedures that are used for treating infertility in women, once the cause is diagnosed:
Fertility restoration via Fertility drugs: These drugs can either stimulate the ovulation process or inhibit it, depending on the case. In case of ovulation-related problems, this technique is used primarily. Using fertility drugs carries some risks like Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) multiple pregnancies, long-term risk of ovarian tumors.
Fertility restoration via Surgery: Several surgical procedures can correct problems or otherwise improve female fertility. However, surgical treatments for fertility are rare these days due to the success of other treatments. They include tubal or laparoscopic surgery.
Reproductive assistance:Use of IUI (in which healthy sperms are introduced in the woman at the time of ovulation or assisted reproduction technology (mature eggs of the woman and the healthy sperm of the man are fertilized in the lab and then introduced in the woman) for restoring the fertility.
Infertility testing is a medical procedure that is used to understand why a woman is not able to become pregnant. It includes physical examination, blood tests, semen analysis and if need be, special procedures.
Primarily, not able to conceive or get pregnant is the biggest and the most obvious symptom of infertility. In most cases, that is the only apparent symptom and the patient might not experience any other symptoms.
In around half of infertility facing couples, malefactors are the issue. So, understanding the entire male reproduction process is important. Sperms are produced in the testes.