In simplest words, Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure performed on women to remove their uterus. Uterus, which can also be denoted as the womb, is the place where the baby grows during pregnancy. After a hysterectomy, a woman can no longer get pregnant or get her menstrual periods as uterine lining is the source of the menstrual blood.
Sometimes, this surgery also involves the removal of the ovaries, cervix, fallopian tubes and other surrounding structures. When this is done, the woman enters her menopause. Because, the ovaries are the organs that are responsible for producing estrogen and other hormones, while fallopian tubes transfer the eggs from the ovaries. The extent of this surgery depends on the reason for surgery and the severity of the problem that the woman is facing.
The surgery is usually performed by a trained gynecologist and is one of the most commonly performed gynecological surgical procedures. One of the major reasons behind its vast popularity is that many types of reproductive system cancers can be treated by this surgery. It includes uterine, cervical cancer, ovarian or endometrial tumors etc. that can’t be treated by any other conservative surgical procedure.
Who Should Undergo This Procedure?
Though hysterectomy is considered to be one of the safest surgical options, it may not be the best pertaining to the possible risks that it involves. Moreover, a doctor should exhaust all other alternatives before suggesting hysterectomy to the woman.
Your health care provider may suggest you hysterectomy if you are facing any of these complications,
How is the Procedure Performed?
Hysterectomy Recovery: What You Should Expect
Possible Risks and Complications
This popular surgery is considered to be a safe one. But, as with all the surgeries even this surgery comes with possible risks and complications that need to be addressed well on time. Some people might experience a heavy bleeding around the incision site and some may even react negatively to the administered anesthesia.
Even surrounding organs like bladder, blood vessels or intestines may get injured during the procedure. Apart from these, there is always a risk of infection after the operation. This could be a wound or UT infection.
Other problem that may occur includes thrombosis; blood clot that develops in a vein and interferes with the blood circulation and other vaginal problems. Furthermore, early menopause continues to be one of the most popular risks of hysterectomy.
Though these complications are rare but if at all they occur then they are corrected with a second surgery.