What is endometriosis?
Endometriosis, pronounced end-o-me-tree-oh-sis (or just endo) is a progressive, chronic condition where cells similar to those that line the uterus (the endometrium) are found in other parts of the body.
Studies suggest that endometriosis affects 1 in 10 women of reproductive age, with an estimated 176 million women worldwide having the condition.
Endometriosis affects a woman’s reproductive organs when cells similar to those that line the uterus are found in other parts of the body. What happens when you have endometriosis, causes and symptoms are discussed.
What causes endometriosis?
We don’t really know what causes endometriosis, and possible causes or factors may be different from person to person.
Symptoms you may experience
Pain is a key symptom of this condition and is not related to how severe the disease is, but to the location of the endometrial tissue.
Symptoms during pregnancy
In many cases, the symptoms of endometriosis appear to go away with pregnancy. This is thought to be because pregnancy hormones cause the endometriosis to reduce. After the baby is born the effects of endometriosis are unclear. In a small study of 23 women, the endometrial lesions worsened in the first three months of pregnancy but improved as the pregnancy continued. Complications of endometriosis during pregnancy are rare.
Symptoms during menopause
Usually, endometriosis does go away after menopause. It may return with the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), but this is rare. Even more rarely, it can return for no reason.