Allergic rhinitis or hay fever is nothing but an allergic response to otherwise harmless allergen. Pollens are the most common allergen in seasonal allergic rhinitis. These are allergy symptoms that occur with the change in seasons.
As per research, around 10-30 percent of the world population may be suffering from allergic rhinitis.
Each time your body comes in contact with an allergen, it releases histamine, a natural chemical to defend your body from the allergen. This chemical can cause allergic histamine. In addition to pollens, other common allergens are
- Grass pollen
- Cat saliva
- Animal dander
- Dust mites
Common symptoms of allergic rhinitis include,
- Frequent headaches
- Itchy and watery eyes
- Runny, stuffy and itchy nose
- Dark circles
- Eczema type symptoms including dry and itchy skin that can blister
- Sore and scratchy throat
- Excessive fatigue
There are several ways in which you can treat your allergic rhinitis. You may either choose to go for home remedies or medications. Medications may include consumption of,
- Antihistamine like Benadryl, Loratadine, Claritin etc.
- Decongestants like Afrin nasal spray and cetirizine
- Eye drops and nasal sprays