ENT Ear infections
Ear is the most vital organ of the human body which plays an important role in the body mechanism. There can be several complications faced if proper care isn’t being taken. We at Currae Speciality Hospital, have the solutions for the complications that you face which can help you restore your normal hearing ability.
Some of the services provided at Currae are:
- Ear Drainage
- Age Related Hearing Loss
- Sudden Hearing Loss
ENT Ear Drainage
Ear drainage aka ear discharge is technically referred to as otorrhea, basically, any type of possible fluid that can come out of an ear. The most common ear discharge is earwax, oil that your body naturally processes. The job of this oil is to keep your ear safe from dust, bacteria, and other foreign potentially dangerous bodies and block their path from entering into your ear.
However, apart from earwax, there are many other conditions like ruptured eardrums that can cause blood, puss or other fluid to come out of your ear. Such discharge is a sign that your ear needs an urgent medical attention.
Causes of Ear Drainage
Ear drainage can result from the following infections and injury,
- Swimmer’s ear (Otitis externa)
- Trauma (cleaning your ear too hard, increase in pressure in an airplane, loud noises, or during scuba diving)
- Middle ear infection
- Ruptured eardrum
- Foreign objects
- Dermatitis and
- Cerebral spinal fluid
The onset of symptoms of ear infection is usually very rapid. In children, the noticeable symptoms are:
- Crying excessively
- Constant ear pain
- High fever
- Difficulty in sleeping
- A headache
- Appetite loss
- Fluid drainage
- Staying irritated
In adults, the major symptoms are,
- Diminished hearing
- Ear pain
- Fluid disposal/drainage
As soon as you notice the above symptoms, get ready to visit a doctor. While you are on your way, make sure not to shove any gauze inside your ear, do not wash the area, and do not blindly try to clean it with cotton swabs.
If the pain persists, do not delay in seeing a doctor. The specialist will recommend over-the-counter acetaminophen to control the pain and fever. If the drainage doesn’t go away even after a week, visit the doctor once again. Though the condition is not serious but doesn’t make it any worse too.
ENT Age Related Hearing Loss
Age-related hearing loss, Aka presbycusis, is nothing but a natural loss of hearing that occurs as we age. It is one of the most common problems in old age.
Having trouble hearing can make it very hard for the elderly to follow various instructions, respond, answering phones etc. It can also lead to isolation as it makes hard to enjoy with family and friends too.
This condition usually occurs in both the ears. The change or loss is gradual and happens over the years, hence people don’t even realize that they are having a hearing aid.
There are multiple causes of age-related hearing loss. Most common ones are;
- Changes in the inner ear or middle ear with age
- Complex changes along the neural pathways from ear to brain making it hard to register any speech
- Certain medical conditions and medications
- Damage to the tiny hair in the ear that transmit sound to the brain
- Change in blood flow to the ear
The loss usually begins with an impairment to register high-pitched sounds, female and children voices. Other noticeable symptoms include,
- Difficulty in hearing in crowded or noisy areas
- Asking people to repeat themselves all the time
- Tough to understand conversation on the phone
- Certain sounds may seem too loud
- Continuous buzzing and ringing in the ears.
Sadly, there is no permanent medical cure for age-related hearing loss. But, it is normally treated with modern and digital hearing aids. In instances with a profound hearing loss, treatment option can be implanted.
This problem rises gradually, hence it is important to get the hearing checked continuously and get our aids adjusted as per the problem.
Hearing impairment or deafness refers to a total or partial inability to hear and decode sounds. It can range from mild, moderate, and severe impairment. The ones with mild deafness may be unable to hear sounds in noisy places. But, the ones suffering from moderate and severe deafness may have to use hearing aids and implants.
Some people are totally deaf and they rely on lip reading and sign language to communicate with others. They can hear nothing at all and all that they can do is reading and using sign language.
Some diseases and medication that can cause deafness include
- Sickle cell disease
- Lyme disease
- High diabetes
- Some forms of cancer
- Second-hand smoke even at a young age
These medical conditions often target the inner ear which is a home of extremely delicate bones. Even damage to the eardrum or middle ear can lead to a total hearing loss.
The symptoms of deafness vary as per the causes. Some people are born deaf and others may lose their hearing over the period of time or due to some accident.
- An infant not turning his head towards the sound
- Even after one year, the baby hasn’t uttered even a word
- No reaction even at the loud noise
- An infant does not respond to you when he can’t see you
In older children and toddlers
- The child keeps asking one to repeat themselves
- Tends to talk extremely loud
- The speech is not clear
- The child is behind other peers in oral communication
Help is available for all ranges of deafness. Though conditions like a sensorineural hearing loss is incurable for others one can opt for,
- Hearing aids: Behind-the-ear, in-the-canal, completely-in-the-canal, bone conduction types.
- Cochlear implants: when there is cell damage in the cochlea
- Teaching sign language and lip reading to completely deaf ones
Tinnitus is a perception of noise and ringing in the ear. This is a common problem that isn’t a condition in itself but is actually a symptom of an underlying problem such as age-related hearing loss, circulatory system disorder, or an ear injury.
Although, it is extremely bothersome to the patient, it isn’t really considered something very serious. It usually worsens with age but a timely treatment can improve the condition. Though, there are many effective treatments for tinnitus are available which will mask the ringing but treating the underlying cause becomes a sure shot way to get rid of tinnitus forever.
Common causes of tinnitus are,
- Age-related hearing loss
- Continuous exposure to loud sounds
- Earwax blockage
- Ear bone change
- Consumption of antibiotics, cancer medicines, and aspirin
Some less common causes are
- Acoustic neuroma
- Head or neck injuries
- Meniere’s disorder
The bothersome sensation of constant ringing even when no external sound is present is very annoying. These are some of the noises in tinnitus that might affect your peace
These sounds may vary in pitch from low roar to loud squeal depending upon the severity of the condition. Sometimes, the sound may get so loud that it can interfere with your ability to concentrate and hear on the actual sound. It may prevail 24/7 or may occur in episodes. But, both the ways are equally annoying to the one suffering from it.
The treatment of tinnitus can be guaranteed only if the actual cause is treated. Though one can always keep these preventive measures,
- Using hearing protection- to save oneself from over-exposure of loud noises
- Taking good care of cardiovascular health
- Not using earphones and turning down the volume of TV and music.
ENT Sudden Hearing Loss
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is commonly referred to as sudden deafness. It occurs when one loses his hearing power very quickly, usually only in one ear. It can happen almost instantly or over a span of a few days. During this, the sound gradually starts fainting away.
The condition most commonly affects people aging from 30 to 60 years. A lot of people who receive prompt treatment may recover. It is a very serious medical condition and requires immediate medical treatment.
SSHL occurs when the inner area, the cochlea or nerve pathway gets damaged. Other causes may include
- malformation of the inner ear
- prolonged exposure to loud noise
- head injury or trauma
- Meniere’s disease
- Lyme disease
- Immune system disease
- Neurological conditions
One may notice a hearing loss as soon he wakes up early in the morning. Other symptoms include,
- Muffles or faint sounds
- Trouble following group conversations
- Inability to hear well
- Balance problems
- difficulty hearing high pitched sounds
Early treatment may increase the chances of recovery. help your doctor to find the real cause behind SSHL.
Steroids are the most common treatment. They can reduce inflammation and swelling. Especially people suffering from Cogan syndrome, steroids can prove super effective.
In other cases, inserting a cochlear implant becomes the only option. Implants cannot restore the hearing totally but it can definitely amplify the sounds to a normal condition.