A Facelift or Rhytidectomy is such a cosmetic surgical procedure that aims at achieving a more youthful appearance. A facelift is such a procedure that can effectively reduce the presence of the facial wrinkles and other signs of aging. The ultimate goal is to improve the overall appearance of the face and jaw.
Aging is unavoidable and it is only a facelift surgery that can help to inverse the harmful effects of time, stress and exposure to the certain harmful elements. In this procedure, the surgeon tautens the underlying muscles of the face to produce a more appealing and pleasing facial contour. The extra fat pockets are also eliminated that contributes in bringing a more aged and tired appearance. Additionally, it can help to exclude the appearance of crow’s feet, forehead lines, folds in the neck, effects of heredity, personal habit, etc.
Any experienced plastic surgeon will accomplish the procedure with an artistic eye and an extraordinary detailing so that the patients will be left behind with negligible scarring and the most natural appearance. The surgeon may choose traditional full facelift and other variation of the procedure that uses advanced yet minimally invasive techniques.
Therefore a facelift procedure can successfully target the following:
- The sagging skin of the face.
- Deep lines and folds between the nose and the corner of the mouth.
- The fat that has disappeared.
- The appearance of the jowls.
- Presence of the loose skin present around the neck that brings the appearance of a double
Limitation of a Facelift Procedure
As a restorative procedure, a facelift surgery does not change the looks and also cannot stop the aging process. It can only make you look younger than your age. Moreover, a surgical facelift procedure can attain the best results in comparison to a non-surgical procedure which cannot achieve the same result.
Candidates for Facelift Procedure
The following are some of the features that makes the candidates appropriate for a facelift procedure-
- Sagging skin along the jawline or midface.
- Deep lines and wrinkles that extend from the nose to the corners of the mouth.
- Lines present at the corner of the mouth and then down the chin.
- The facial fat volume that has disappeared with time.
- The sagging skin and loss of muscle tone in the lower facial portion.
- The candidates must be in a good health condition.
- They must keep a positive approach and realistic expectation from the procedure.
Facelift Procedural Steps
A facelift procedure is initiated by administering the patients with required anaesthesia. Surgeons may recommend general anaesthesia or local anaesthesia depending on the desired outcome of the patients. A variety of procedures may be chosen by the surgeon for combining with a facelift procedure by enhancing the final result.
However, depending on the degree of the outcome the facelift procedures are selected. A traditional facelift is most commonly executed that involves making incisions along the hairline that begins from the temples and then continues around the ear and then ends in the lower part of the scalp. Some fat may also be required to relocate or redistribute from the face, jowls, neck and other underlying tissues may also be repositioned. In a facelift procedure, even the deepest layer of the muscles are also elevated. Finally, when all of it is over, the skin is redraped to support the new contour. The excess loose and aging skin are also trimmed away. In some cases, a second incision may also be necessary under the chin which may be necessary for making further improvements in the neck area. Some sutures and skin adhesives may also be used to close the incisions.
Following are the Types of Facelift Procedures
Traditional full facelift- A full facelift is what achieves the best result. This procedure can address the problem areas like deep creases below the eyes, sagging cheeks, lines around the mouth, excess fat and skin under the chin, jowls, etc. It can target a large area that begins along the temple, around the ears and then the neck. It is popular among patients of 50’s and 60’s.
Mid facelift- In a mid-facelift procedure, the surgeon elevates and tightens the underlying tissues around the cheeks. The incisions are made similar to that of a traditional facelift but with a deeper approach. Fat grafts or facial implants may also be used to enhance the facial contours. This is ideal for the age of 30’s to 40’s.
Mini facelift- This procedure involves making smaller incisions and includes a shorter recovery. This is also referred to as “weekend facelift”. This procedure targets smaller areas and typically the jaw, lower cheeks, and the neck. The surgeons usually elevate the muscles and remove the unwanted fat deposits and excess skin. This procedure can be helpful for younger patients who are experiencing the initial stages of aging.
Lower facelift- This solely targets the bottom part of the face. This procedure efficiently eliminates the jowls, deep nasolabial folds, and sagging corners of the mouth and enhance the appearance of the jawline. The incision patterns are similar to other facelift procedures and are suitable for patients of all ages.
Thread facelift- Thread facelift is another least invasive procedure that can be used as an alternative to a traditional facelift. In this procedure, the surgeon involves making tiny incisions just below the skin to elevate the underlying muscles. Thread facelift can be performed without anesthesia and scars. It is suitable for patients of age 30 to 40.
What to Expect After the Procedure?
After following a facelift procedure, a bandage is usually placed around the face to minimise the swelling and bruising. The surgeon will provide with some specific post-op instructions to speed up the recovery. Candidates can return to normal activities within 5 to 7 days after undergoing the procedure. The swelling and bruising may persist for several weeks after following a facelift procedure. But strenuous activities cannot be resumed until recovered completely. It may take several weeks for the patients to accomplish the final results for a facelift.
A facelift is such a procedure that may include some rare risks like an allergic reaction to anesthesia, bleeding, infection, poor wound healing, accumulation of fluids, numbness, persistent pain, poor wound healing, unfavorable scarring, etc. However, following the post-op instructions will help you to achieve best-desired results without including any complications or risks.