What to Do When Sperm Count Is Low?
What to Do When Sperm Count Is Low?
When semen or fluid man ejaculate during an orgasm contains lesser sperm than normal, it is low sperm count. It is also called oligospermia and if there is no sperm at all, it is called azoospermia. Your sperm count is estimated lower than average if you have less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Having a low sperm count reduces the chances of one of your sperm fertilizing your partner’s egg, which results in less possibility for your partner to be pregnant. However, even if you have a low sperm count, there are chances that you are still able to father a child.
If your partner is unable to conceive a child, it can be the indication of your low sperm count. This is the main sign for you to go to see a doctor. Other symptoms include an underlying problem like a chromosomal abnormality, which is mostly inherited or a hormonal imbalance or a condition that blocks the passage of sperm or dilated testicular veins, etc. It may cause some problems with the sexual function such as, low sex drive, erectile dysfunction which causes difficulty in maintaining an erection, swelling or a bump in the testicle area, pain, reduced facial and body hair and some other signals of a chromosomal or hormonal abnormality.
You should see a doctor if you have been incapable to conceive a child since a year of frequent and unprotected intercourse. You should see the doctor sooner if you any of the above-mentioned symptoms or a history of testicle or prostate or sexual problems or if you have been through testicle, penis, groin or scrotum surgery.
If you are trying to have a baby, the count of sperm you ejaculate in intercourse is quite important. You should go to a doctor for examining male fertility factors and your medical history. Medical history includes any past condition that may have influenced the testicles or operations in the groin area or if there has been any significant injury or undescended testicles in childhood or infection in the genital area. External factors can also reduce your sperm counts such as smoking, poor diet, drug usage and lack of exercise, etc. Heat can also have a damaging effect on normal sperm production. Testicles are present outside the body in the scrotum rather than in the gut to keep their temperature low. Do not soak in a bathtub full of very hot water as it has the ability to stop sperm production completely. If you are obese, the Extra layers of fat can heat the testicles and make you sterile. Long hours of sitting can also affect your sperm count. Long distance lorry-drivers can be affected by infertility due to the elevated heat to the genital area.
More than usual time of intercourse can cause more demand exceeding the supply which can also be the reason infertility. If you smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day, it can reduce both the sperm motility and sperm count. Excessive alcohol intake can also cause infertility. Alcohol can reduce the production of the male hormone testosterone and of sperm. Stress and fatigue are also not good for your fertility. Infection in semen can also be a reason for infertility.
If you have any of the symptoms go for the examination. You must be thoroughly examined. The analysis of the external genitalia in the male seldom shows anything out of the usual but, sometimes one or both testicles are pretty small or they can be absent also. There may be an absence of each vas deferens from birth. Through Vas deferens, sperm pass from the testicles to the female at the time of intercourse.
The cause of the low sperm count in men decides the treatment to be done. If you are suffering from varicocele, surgery is the most popular treatment. If you have low sperm count due to infections of the urinary or reproductive tract, it can be cured with the help of antibiotics. If a hormone imbalance is a reason for your lower sperm count, medication and hormone replacement treatment can be done. If you have low sperm motility, you can take help from assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments that can facilitate conception.