Understand What Total Hip Replacement Means From Dr Satish Puranik

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We are going to discuss something very important as far as the joint replacement is concerned that is total hip replacement.  In order to understand what total hip replacement means, we have to understand the basic anatomy or the structure of the hip joint.

There is a socket and a ball that is a part of pelvis and femur, which forms a ball and socket type of joint.  The most common cause in a geriatric age group is a traumatic injury which causes fractured neck of femur and which requires a hip replacement.  Otherwise, in younger patients, there is a primary arthritis of the hip joint or there are some diseases like avascular necrosis of femoral head, Perthes disease, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, which leads to the arthritis of the hip joint, which requires nothing but the hip replacement.

Hip replacements are basically classified into uncemented hip replacement as well as cemented hip replacement.  Cemented hip replacement is done in old patients where the life expectancy is not too much, whereas in young patients, we generally do uncemented hip replacement.

Because of the hip replacement, patient is having full range of movement, he can walk, he can climb, he can do all the activities, so hip replacement in younger patient as well as old patients gives a better quality of life.  Because of the changed surfaces, the patient is having no pain, he can do all the activities. On an average, the life of the hip joint is not less than 25-30 years, so in comparison with the knee replacement, hip replacement lasts for a longer time.

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