Steps involved in IVF process
Steps involved in IVF process
Calling a doctor to have consultation about IVF is just not easy. And we understand how daunting the entire process may seem like. Well, don’t you worry, these apprehensions and fear from the unknown is going to exist only till you know the entire process inside out.
So, here are the seven steps that you will have to take when you decide to undergo IVF.
- Appointment with a specialist
Your first step towards IVF is definitely to go to the best IVF centre in Mumbai to meet an experienced surgeon. During this meeting, your specialist will ask you all the questions about your past and present medical conditions. He will review the information and ask for all the past treatments that you underwent. After this, he will mostly suggest you the best way to proceed that would be unique to your condition.
- First day of your period
The first official day of your IVF process is going to be the first day of your period. Everyone’s body is different so your nurse is going to guide you on how to know the first day of your period.
- Strengthening the egg supply
In natural menstrual cycle, your ovaries produce one egg. You will be given medication for 8-14 days to stimulate the follicles in your ovaries to produce more eggs.
The medication suggested will be specific to your body and treatment plan. The medication is generally given in the form of an injection and the frequency of injection will vary as per your body type. The most common hormones to stimulate the ovaries used in these injections are,
Specialists will keep a vigilant eye on your ovaries and how the follicles are developing with regular blood tests and ultrasound. A strict care is put especially towards the end to know the time of trigger injection perfectly.
This trigger injection will get the eggs ready for ovulation. And an egg retrieval day will be fixed before you ovulate.
- Egg retrieval
This is the step that most of the patients are nervous about. During this step, Sedation is administered and eggs are then collected using a needle that passes through the vagina and enters both the ovaries under the guidance of ultrasound. Though it may sound like an invasive step but the specialists stress that the procedure lasts only for 15-20 minutes only and recovery takes around 30 minutes after which you can walk on your own.
Your fertility specialists usually have a fair idea on how many eggs are present before the egg retrieval process.
If you are planning to use a fresh sperm then the male would produce a sample the same morning of egg retrieval. The sperm is then graded and is washed with a special mixture to evaluate the best sperm under the microscope.
A perfectly healthy sperm is not too fat or thin and has a tail that isn’t too short or long. Once the best sperms are ready, they are then set in the lab and wait for the eggs.
Now the scientists are given the eggs that are retrieved and are still in the fluid from follicles of the ovaries. Now the scientists put this fluid under the microscope to separate the eggs and then fertilize it quickly.
These eggs and some sperm are placed in a dish to find each other and fertilize themselves the way they would have done naturally inside the body.
- Embryo development and transfer
When the sperm fertilizes the egg, we have an embryo. Unfortunately, not all eggs will become embryos. These embryos are put in a special incubator for 5-6 days that has perfect growing conditions, just like a natural body. The scientists will keep a vigilant eye on these embryos to know its development and growth.
If the embryo develops perfectly in the lab, then it’s the time to transfer it into the women’s uterus. You will be prepared beforehand and will be given relevant instructions. Embryo transfer is a very simple process that lasts for around 5 minutes and has no anesthesia involved.
The fertility specialists place the catheter through your cervix and into your uterus without disturbing the embryo.
Finally, after two weeks a basic blood test would happen to measure the levels of hCG in your blood stream and if it exists then congratulations you are pregnant.