What You Really Need to Know About IVF?
What You Really Need to Know About IVF?
There are many wild speculations in today’s modern society that if anyone can’t or isn’t fertile enough to have babies then their life is done. Basically, that’s all superstitious and also all wrong on so many levels. Basically, in the 21st century, science and technology is the rise where anything and everything is possible given the persons willing to get that done. If that’s possible then everything and anything is achievable. Even when it comes down to a woman willing to bear a child and begin the journey of motherhood. It is a long range of complex process that one has to undergo in order to make everything work out in the best possible way. There are different methods that one could choose out from and also ensure the best suitable method that they wish to go out for. But in this particular article, we are going to discuss some things about IVF that everyone needs to know and also come under the influence of what it actually means and how one could decide whether or not they might want to have it or not.
IVF stands for in-vitro fertilization that is nothing but a complex set of procedures that are at least used to treat fertility problem or genetic disorders in order for the host to have or conceive a baby in the near future. It is a method that helps a woman to have a kid without the possibility of a host involved. A scientific way of giving people what they want such that the individual is free from the general way of getting a baby. In the entire process of in-vitro fertilization, a certain amount of mature eggs is collected from the individual. Once they are extracted, they are then fertilized with the help of sperms in a lad that is chemically induced in order to get the eggs fertilized. When all of this is achieved, the fertilized eggs (or embryos) are then placed right back in the uterus for further development. The entire process of removal, fertilization and attaching it back takes a couple of weeks to complete one cycle.
In the modern society, IVF is the most successful and also the most productive way of conceiving a baby. Varying from individual to individual, one could get their own eggs and the sperm from their partner and get the entire procedure done. Or could implant someone else’s eggs and sperms into them to act as a host and carry someone else’s baby. It is nothing but gestational carrier where the woman carries the embryo of another person in order to act as a host. But there are different catches in IVF. It revolves around the factor of the health of the person, fertility factor, age and other criteria about the individual ready to have a healthy baby. But then the entire process of IVF is really expensive and also is very time consuming and there are no guaranteed results (but now there are many promising results as we speak. There could be many things that could go wrong. If there is more than one embryo that is placed inside of the uterus then this might result in multiple babies or multiple pregnancies. There are potential risks that are at large whenever you are looking at for IVF but this can be only understood when you are on the verge of losing hope for everything and IVF is the last hope for becoming pregnant. Hence talking a doctor can clarify whatever doubts that you might have about the procedure and what another kind of method would be feasible to you if you want to get pregnant. Hence let’s take a look at this topic much more and let’s know a whole lot more about IVF and what are the things that come with it. Let’s get started.
How One Can Prepare for IVF?
Well whenever one starts to decide on going with IVF as their standard procedure of conceiving a bay, then there are many things that you have to look up in order to know as much as possible about the procedure and other things. There are even online websites and forums where people tend to let you in inside the world of IVF and can provide you with optimum information on how the process works and how it could benefit you as well. The CDC or the center for disease control has a lot of information about IVF on their site where you can check it out a become aware of the entire process. Even consulting a doctor can give you optimum information about everything. Hence the kind of clinic or hospital that you might choose is very important. The success rate of a clinic in this matter comes down to the way the process is being carried out, the kind of doctors that are present to carry out the operation. Also, it comes down to the cost of how much each clinic might charge to get the entire procedure done. Ask for everything in detail such that you are aware of what is the best that you need for something special in your life. But before you actually get started, there are various different tests of screening that you are your partner might have to go under in order to check you off for the procedure. All of which are given below.
- Semen analysis – well this is particularly for your partner and having enough density of the sperm in your semen gives higher chances of you conceiving a baby. Mainly because the higher the fertility rates, higher are the chances of you having a baby and becoming pregnant.
- Uterine cavity examination – shortly before your IVF procedure, the doctor will examine your uterine in order to check everything is normal and nothing looks out of shape. The entire process of checking out the uterine is known as sonohysterography. This procedure involves the doctor inserting a type of fluid that is injected through your cervix and into your uterus and an ultrasound is taken to check the functionality and the normal behaviors of the uterus. If not for this then there is a hysteroscope which is taken. It involves the insertions a tiny little scope with a camera in the front which gives a proper image of inside your vagina into your uterus and gives a clear image of the internal happenings.
- Infection diseases examination – well any sort of genetic diseases is tested out in this screening. Diseases like HIV, AIDS and other diseases are given top priority such that nothing like that affects the baby in its development stages.
- Mock embryo transfer – well it is nothing but the practice run for the doctor in order to place an embryo inside of the uterus. It is mainly to check the cavity of the uterus and also how well the embryo will scope when the actual embryo is placed within it.
- Ovarian reserve testing – to check the quantity and quality of your eggs, your doctor will test out the concentration of the eggs that are present within you. Mainly the follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH), estrogen, estradiol and the antimullerian hormone levels inside of your bloodstream at the first few days of your menstrual cycle. It gives a proper indication as to how well the eggs are present and what the number of them present at large. But then even ultrasounds of the region can give a proper indication about the number of ovaries that are present and how many are fertile enough to be converted into embryos and how many are infertile.
The above given were some of the important tests that you as well as your partner might have to go under in order to pass the IF procedure. But if you do or just want to know about the procedure then there are certain basic questions that you might have to ask or think about in order to gain a deeper inside of the entire process. Some of which are given below.
- how would you handle multiple pregnancies?
Well in some of the cases when the IVF procedure is successfully done, there might chance of an individual having to give birth to more than one baby. This intern becomes a case of multiple pregnancies. But then there are certain methods of fetal reduction procedure that can actually reduce the number of eggs and only have a single pregnancy at a time. But then it becomes a tough decision as it involves a joint decision which takes in a lot of thinking and phycological effort to make it happen.
- The number of embryos that might get transferred.
Well, the number of embryos that might get transferred is usually less. But then again it comes down to the age and the number of embryos present in the individual. All of which plays a vital role as to how one can actually transfer the embryos. But then for an older woman, the production of eggs is lower, hence lower is the number of eggs that are transferred. But if you have a donor person, the transfer rate is high.
But in most of the countries where this process is carried out, there is a certain number of fixed eggs that are transferred. You and your doctor can always discuss how many eggs that you want to be transferred. As the lower number of eggs can resulting in a single pregnancy but then higher the egg count, the more are the chances of a person having multiple pregnancies or triplets as well.
- Could there be any kind of disorder in the entire process when there are eggs being a transfer or anything related to the donor, etc.?
Well, there are straightforward answers which you will get at the time of getting the process carried out. If it from both partners it’s all fine. But in case if you are getting donor eggs or donor sperms, then there are legal papers that both of them has to sign in order to avoid future conflict about the mother or father of the bay. Depending upon who is the donor and who is the host, certain legal rights are made to avoid confusion in the future.
- What can be done with the extra embryos?
Well, the extra embryos that are taken out can be frozen and can be used for several days without any sort of complication. Although some of which won’t make it most of them can be frozen and can be used for future use as well. Well, the entire process of preservation of live organism by the implementation of freezing is known as crypto preservation. It mainly revolves around the ideology of freezing the embryo for father usage. but then if you are looking for a future use, then it might not be all that successful. The success rate of live donor embryos is much higher than compared to the frozen ones. Hence if you want to get donor embryos then you can always choose live donor person. If you wish to discard your frozen embryos then you can always choose to do that.
Hence these are a couple of the things that you should keep in mind before you go ahead with the entire procedure.
Why Would One Want to Get It Done?
As we discussed earlier in the article, in-vitro fertilization is primarily done for the individuals who have some sort of genetic or infertility problems that might remain for a lifetime. But IVF isn’t the final solution for a person who has fertility issues or genetic disorders looking to become pregnant. There are much less invasive methods which can be adopted in order to become pregnant and some of them are cost effective and have higher success rates a swell. There are fertility drugs and other methods as well which can increase the rate of production of eggs to increase your chances of conceiving a baby. The process of intrauterine insemination can also be carried out where the sperms are directly placed inside of the uterus during the time of ovulation for the better chances of a person to have a baby.
But then if you have tried out everything and then nothing tends to happen and the reproductive factor doesn’t suffice your age and birth giving capability, then for the women above the age of 40 are primarily given the treatment of IVF. There are certain health condition factors as well which play an important role as well in order to get the treatment done. In case if you or your partner are suffering from any of the things that are given below, then IVF is the first thing that you should try out. Some of which are given below.
- Premature ovarian failure – well this happens to women who are over the age of 40 and in this case if you have this kind of symptom then the eggs in your body that needs some constant number of production is reduced and they don’t have enough ovarian production capability in order to release the desired estrogen or release the desired number of eggs during each of the menstrual cycles during the time of IVF.
- Uterine fibroids – well these are nothing but the development of small tumors in the wall of the uterus. It can affect the egg implantation during the IVF procedure and can be fatal if not checked out properly.
- Endometriosis – this is a situation where the uterine tissues grow outside of the uterus causing a whole lot of problems. Primarily altering the function of the ovaries, uterus and the fallopian tubes. Intern affected the entire concept of reproduction.
- Fallopian tube damage – well this is the most basic of abnormalities where the embryo cannot be fertilized and travel to the uterus as the sperm that needs to travel right to the eggs is blocked and makes it really difficult to carry out the process of reproduction.
- Ovulating disorders – it is somewhat genetic of infertility disorder where there are very few or fewer eggs that are available for the pregnancy to even occur causing lesser chances for a person to become pregnant.
- Some sort of genetic disorder – in this case, if the partner in in anger of any genetic disorder that has the threat of being passed onto the baby, then all of this comes under one of the steps of the entire IVF procedure known as preimplantation genetic diagnosis where the embryo is screened after being fertilized and checked for any sort of genetic disease that might be passed on. Not all the genetic diseases can be checked but whichever is possible, all of them are gone through. After which if there is no harm in implanting the embryos, the procedure can be carried out.
- Previous fallopian tube removal or sterilization – if in the past if you have got a tube ligation. It is a type of procedure where the fallopian tube is blocked such that no sperm might enter the uterus and help you get pregnant. If this was done in the past, then IVF can be done in order to help you get direct contact with getting pregnant. It can be used in order to replace the reverse the tube ligation reversal process.
- Unknown factors of infertility – this is a factor where the doctors itself are clueless as to what might be the scenario of the cause of infertility. It leads to this situation when all the normal and abnormal cause of infertility are ruled out and a big question mark rises in order to know as to what the problem might be.
- Improper production of sperm or abnormalities in the production of semen – if there are any kind of abnormalities that arise in the movement of the sperm or the shape of it. Even in the concentration of the sperm in some ml, then there might be some problem in the transfusion of the sperm into the embryo. If such a problem is found, your partner might have to get a consultation from the designated doctor and follow everything that the doctor might prescribe in order to get the underlying cause eradicated and helping him to have a proper semen production rate without any sort of abnormalities.
- Fertility preservation for cancer treatment patients – if you are a patient of high radiation treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation in order to treat cancer, then the best option which is available for you out there is to preserve the eggs such that once you are done with the treatment you can be able to conceive with the help of IVF. Because high-intensity radiation can cause the death of the embryo can require starting all over again. Hence women can freeze their eggs for future use and as discussed earlier, they can use it for future use as well. But then if you don’t want them to be just eggs and turn them into embryos, then that can also be done and then frozen till your recover and get back to perfect health to start conceiving.
But then for women who are on the verge of the death of they ever conceive, can always choose to have someone else have their baby. They are called as a gestational carrier where they carry the embryos of the individual who poses a threat in death if they ever conceive. And act as a host for becoming pregnant with someone else’s baby.
What Could an Individual Expect Out of the Procedure?
Well in the entire process of in-vitro fertilization, there are several processes that are involved in order to achieve or conceive a baby. Serval steps such as egg retrieval, embryo transfer, sperm retrieval, ovulation induction. For the entire process to be carried out, more than one week is required in order to complete one cycle. But two weeks are mandatory to gain the results of whether or not you conceived or have to try again. Hence let’s take a deeper look into the different steps that are involved in the entire procedure of in-vitro fertilization and how are the carried out. Let’s get cracking.
- Ovulation induction.
Well in the first and foremost process of IVF, if you are going to use your own eggs in order to conceive a baby, then there is some sort of synthetic hormones which are injected into your body to enhance the overall growth of the eggs to have a greater chance in collecting them. Usually, it takes somewhere around a month for the body to produce a single egg. But in the same time span, the body can produce multiple eggs. All this is mainly due to the rate of fertilization isn’t equal for everyone. It might differ and because of this, there are multiple eggs that are required in order to get the fertilization process kicked off. But even for this, there are several medications that the individual needs to be under in order to have all of the processes be carried out normally and without any sort of failure as well. Some of which are given below.
- Medications that are used in order the prepare the lining of the uterus – when everything is overcome and the time of the day has risen where the egg has to be retrieved, at that point of time your doctor might recommend you to take progesterone supplements in order to have the lining of the uterus in a normal shape and have no such abnormalities in which the eggs can be implanted in the uterus.
- Medication for the stimulation of ovaries – during the initial phases of in-vitro fertilization, your doctor might inject you with a cocktail of FSH (follicle – stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone) that increases the rate of production of eggs.in a month where one egg is produced, at the same time, there are multiple eggs produced which gives a higher chance of conveying.
- Medication to eradicate premature ovulation – even though after the cocktail of injections that are given to you, producing too many eggs could be harmful to your body. Hence there are certain medications that are given to you which helps in the production of multiple eggs but everything is under control and nothing is out of control.
- Medications for oocyte maturation – during the phase when the follicles are ready for egg retrieval, at that point of time an HCG (human chronic gonadotropin) is carried out in order to help the eggs mature and other medications are also assigned where this process can be navigated and controlled a well.
But each of this medication is different from one person to another and depending upon the health factor and other criteria’s, your doctor will prescribe you certain medications that could be taken at this point of time. But then generally it takes somewhere between one to two weeks of ovarian stimulation to actually know whether or not the eggs are ready for the egg retrieval procedure. But the to determine which of the eggs are ready for retravel there are certain procedure or methods that your doctor is high to perform. Some of which are given below.
- Blood tests – blood tests are the most common way to determine whether or not the response to the medications taking place or not. If the estrogen levels are high then the stimulation process is being carried out and there are no problems whatsoever. Even the progesterone’s levels are reduced and don’t spike up until the ovulation period. The rise in estrogen is mainly due to the follicles increase to develop and paces way in the increase in the production of eggs.
- Ultrasound of the vagina – there is an ultrasound that is taken where the person’s vaginal area I examined and thus gives an examination of the ovaries that are present inside of the uterus. Primarily in the fluid filed area of the ovarian sacs are determined and checked as to how much of the eggs are produced.
But at times the entire procedure of in-vitro fertilization may have to be cancelled before the first step itself I.e. that egg retrieval period. This could be due to several reasons. Some of which are given below.
- Ovulation period is premature or immature.
- The development of follicles is inadequate in number.
- Ovarian hyperstimulation period which results in the production of eggs in a higher quantity and the development of follicles are too many.
- Other unknown medical issues which need to be rectified before moving ahead with the procedure.
But because of any of the reasons, your doctor might recommend you some other medications as there could be some allergic reactions that might lead to some other issues. But then of nothing pertains and still, you are having problems or complications, then your doctor might suggest an egg donor and the egg that is produced at a rapid rate might result in the complications after all. Hence certain precautions need to be taken before you even start invitro fertilization.
- Retrieval of the eggs.
The entire process of retrieval of the eggs can be done in the clinic of hospital well after 34 to 36 hours of the final injection is given and right before the starting period of ovulation. There are certain things that are carried out when the procedure is being carried out. Some of which are given below.
- During the entire phase of the removal of eggs, you will be under medication and primarily pain medication will be given to you.
- The general methods of detecting and retrieval of eggs are carried out through the process of transvaginal ultrasound. It is a method of using ultrasound to check the placement of the ovarian acks and a probe with a camera in the front is inserted into your vagina into the location of the sacs. Then a thin needle is inserted into the vagina and to the follicles to get hold of the eggs.
- But then for any reason, if the transvaginal ultrasound doesn’t work or is giving you difficulty in getting hold of the ovaries, then abdominal surgery or laparoscopy is done in order to get hold of the view of the ovaries. The procedure is nothing but making a tiny incision near your naval cavity and guiding a small needle-like a probe to guide the needle where exactly the eggs are located.
- When the doctors get hold of the follicles, the eggs are then removed not by plucking them. But by sucking them out through the needles like structure causing the eggs to come out. Multiple eggs can be taken out in a time span of about 20 mins.
- But the individual from who the eggs are retrieved might feel cramps in the region along with the feeling of pressure and fullness which are all recoverable by rest and medication.
- Once the eggs are taken out, then they are placed in a nutritive liquid or a culture medium where they are incubated. The eggs that appear to be mature and ready for the retrieval of sperm are given in order to create embryos in the lab. While others are discarded. Not all the eggs are converted into embryos, very few are actually converted and the rate of fertilization depends upon the nature of the eggs and the way they are matured or taken care of once they are taken out of the body.
- Retrieval of sperm
As the topic suggests, the retrieval of semen is taken from your partner or a sperm bank. If your partner is giving sperm then on the morning of the entire procedure of IVF, he will give sperm through the method of masturbation and will be used to recreate the process of pregnancy. But then for some reason that isn’t possible, then testicular aspiration is one of the methods where needles are directly injected into the testicle where the semen is directly taken out from the testicles. It may not be required but at times it is. Other times a donor could be used if you are single and want to become pregnant. In the lab, the sperm is separated from the semen fluid and then is used for the procedure.
There are generally two common methods through which the process of fertilization is carried out. The two of which are given below.
- ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) – in this entire process, a single healthy sperm is taken and injected into each of the mature eggs. It is done when there is a premature ejaculation of sperms and there is very less quantity of sperm to deal with. It is often done when the attempts of fertilization are failed during any of the IVF cycles.
- Insemination – the method is straightforward, where the healthy sperms and mature eggs are mixed together and kept in an incubation center overnight to help the eggs turn into embryos. Given that everything is matured and healthy for the fertilization to take place.
But then if the above two mentioned aren’t the ones that are successful enough to turn the eggs into embryos, then below are two of the other methods which are used to get the process started. They are.
- Preimplantation genetic testing – the process of the embryos to develop in the incubator and take it out at a particular stage where they can be tested for any kind of genetic disorder of abnormalities is carried out in this process. Mainly for checking the number of chromosomes or any other attributes that might suggest that the embryo is fit to be placed back into the individual. But all of this is carried out usually after five to six days of the transfusion of the eggs with the semen. Hence the embryos that are free from any sort of genetic problems and chromosomes can be transferred back into the uterus. This procedure is mainly done in order to eliminate any sort of threats that they baby might face while growing up. And also, to eliminate any sort of risk as well. Prenatal testing is a must if you want to eliminate further causes for any defects.
- Assisted hatching – after the fertilization has taken place. This is after 5 -6 days, the embryo hatches and then gets attached to the inner wall of the uterus in order to prolong the process of the embryo turning into a baby. But then for a person who has undergone several other failed attempts of IVF, then your doctor might recommend you assisted hatched where in this process, a hole is made which is very small in the outer layer of the embryo and then placed in the uterus. Such that once it hatches, through the hole it can grab onto the uterus and then the process of pregnancy can begin.
- The transfer of embryo.
Well as the topic suggest, the transfer of embryo back into the uterus might take place right after 2-6 days of the retrieval of the eggs from the host. The entire process of how the embryo is placed in the host is given below. Take a look.
- Well, some mild medication is given to you just to prevent pain. Well, there is no pain at all, but then to avoid cramping and other causes of pain, a mild sedative is given.
- After the sedatives are given, the doctor or the nurse will then insert a long tube also known as a catheter into the vagina to the uterus.
- With the help of the syringe that usually contains one or more embryos is suspended into the uterus along with some amount of fluid as well. All of this is attached to the end of the of the catheter.
- With the help of the suspended syringe, the embryos are then placed inside of the uterus.
If everything were to go successfully, then the embryo will be implanted in the inner lining of the uterus and after 6010 days of the initial implantation, you can witness the growth of the baby.
- After the procedure.
After the initial implantation of the embryos into the uterus, you can resume your normal activities. But to avoid any sort of rigorous activities that might lead the embryo to detach as well. But then your ovaries might be still enlarged because of the entire process. So, some amount of discomfort might still be there for a few days. But under the right medication, everything should go away. But then there is some amount of side effects as well that are witnessed. Some of which are given below.
- The breasts start to tenderize due to the high level of estrogen from the initial stages of the entire IVF process.
- Some mild cramping can be witnessed
- Passing out of some amount of bodily fluid due to the swabbing of the cervix right before the transfer of the embryo.
- Mild bloating can be witnessed.
But then after the entire process, there is initially no pain but only some slight discomfort. But other than this if you are experiencing intense pain or discomfort, then it is always better to check in with your doctor in order to know what the situation is. Other than this your doctor will take a look at the problem and ensure that you don’t get any such problem in the future. Some of the problems include ovarian torsion, infection or severe hyperstimulation syndrome, etc.
Potential Development of Risks During the Entire Procedure
As we have witnessed each and every step of in-vitro fertilization, there are certain risks that might be a greater threat to the baby or to the individual itself. Some of which are given below.
- Premature delivery or weight of the baby is low – constant research and development have shown that the baby that comes out due to the process of IVF is proven to have significantly lesser weight when compared to the normal babies.
- The problem of miscarriage – there is no difference in a person who has conceived naturally or through IVF. Both of them have an equal percentage of miscarriages. About 15-25percent. Mainly this percentage in IVF is only when all of the mature embryos are infused with the healthy sperm. But if everything were to go the right way, then there might be not so many problems at all. Other than this woman with a higher age is highly likely to have miscarriages. But if you try to conceive with frozen embryos through IVF then the risk of miscarriage is more.
- Multiple births – the procedure of IVF increases the chances of multiple embryos being implanted in the uterus which then increases the overall chances of premature labor and premature birth as well. Everything goes haywire and nothing is normal. Even if it were to remain normal, then it might result in some sort of deformity in the baby and the baby don’t stay natural or healthy as a single baby delivered through IVF.
- Ectopic pregnancy – this happens to about 2-5% of the total woman who opts for IVF. It is the condition in which a fertilized embryo gets stuck outside the uterus in the fallopian tube. Any embryo that gets stuck outside of the uterus won’t be able to survive. Such a state or condition is known as ectopic pregnancy.
- Ovarian hyperstimulation pregnancy – to attain the process of ovulation, HCG or other kinds of drugs that can be used in order to achieve this condition. But then such fertility drugs might cause this situation and also cause the ovaries to swell up and cause a great amount of discomfort in the individual. There are several signs and symptoms where one could come to know as to what might as well be wrong. Signs include diarrhea, mild pain in the abdomen, nausea. However, these symptoms are likely to last for several weeks if you were to become pregnant. But then a deadlier version of this isn’t feasible. There might be some sort of breathing problem or rapid weight gain. Other than that, the symptoms are quite minimalistic.
- Complications in the egg retrieval procedure – there might be several complications in the retrieval of the eggs as well. There could be some kind of bleeding or tear or skin or pain in the abdomen while the removal of eggs is carried out. Even the chances of infection or more likely as well.
- Stress – there is immense stress that is undertaken by the individual during this phase of time. Support from close family members and diversion of mind could help in getting aid to this problem. Hence having someone at all times around you sure do result in utmost improvements during the ups and downs of the treatment.
- The possibility of ovarian cancer – although it is highly likely that the development of ovarian cancer might not be possible. The medication that is given in order to produce more number of eggs might result in the development of an ovarian tumor that might result in the production of a tumor and then cancer.
- Defects in birth – primarily the age of the mother is at risk over here as no matter what the age, the baby will have some of the other deformity no matter how the child is conceived. There are more research and development put into this situation as to how the risk could be prevented in the process of IVF.
Well after everything is gone right then after 12 to 2 weeks of the initial egg retrieval process, the doctor from your entire IVF process was undertaken will test your blood in order to check whether or not you pregnant.
- If you are pregnant – if you are pregnant, then your doctor will recommend you to the concerned doctors who will guide you throughout your pregnancy till you give birth.
- If you are not pregnant – well if you are not pregnant, then you will get your periods within one week. But if you witness some unusual bleeding then you might have to consult with your doctor to get it checked. In case if you are looking out for another round of IVF, then get all the things cleared with the designated doctor and take precautions to increase your chances of conceiving at this point in time.
But in the end, there is a higher number of chances of giving birth due to several health reasons. Some of which are given below.
- Status of the embryo – with the higher rate of development of the embryo in the lab itself, there are higher rates of pregnancy as well but then the development of embryos is a whole new topic as there are several complications that revolve around the process. Have a brief discussion about this matter which will clear out all of your problems related to the subject.
- Lifestyle factors – well your lifestyle may result upon how you can actually conceive in the entire process. It is sure that women who smoke have lesser production of eggs when compared to normal women and they have a 50% chance of not conceiving even through IVF. Miscarriages as well highly sort out of. Even consumption of alcohol can increase these factors as well. Other than this obesity and being overweight can also kill the idea of becoming pregnant. Use of recreational drugs can put your conceiving thoughts on hold and might cause further complications and put them at large.
- Maternal age – the younger is your age, the greater are the chances that you can actually conceive a healthier baby with the process of IVF. But then at the age of 41, it’s highly suggested that you use a donor egg in order to conceive as at this point of time the eggs are already infertile enough or not healthy enough to even help you conceive.
- History of reproduction – the women who have previously given both using the same procedure are highly likely that they will give birth again. But then for those who haven’t, then it’s a problem as the body might not get adapted to the way that the procedure might go and there might be several underlying problems as well. Other than this success rates for women who have repeated failed attempts at becoming pregnant through IVF is very less.
- Causes of infertility – an individual who has normal production of eggs and has a normal lifestyle is highly likely to become pregnant with the method of IVF than a person who has endometriosis. Even unexplained fertility people have a higher chance of becoming pregnant at times if the underlying cause of the infertility is tackled and the procedure is undertaken with careful precautions.
Hence, in the end, have a brief discussion with your doctor about all the various things that are possible with the procedure. Talking to the doctor can clear outcome vital information and give you the confidence to go ahead with the procedure. Also, it helps in making the right kind of decision which might be suitable for you to go ahead with the procedure or not. Therefore, select the best and do the needful. All the best.