Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOD)
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOD is the new age epidemic affecting 30-40% of ladies during their reproductive life. So, what is it? It is a state of hormonal imbalance causing delay are irregular menstrual periods. The imbalance is in the hormones secreted by pituitary gland in the brain and it is not the disease of the ovaries or uterus primarily. Hence the treatment per say is never surgical for it.
Now coming to the next very important aspect of it i.e. the cause for it. Why does it happen. Its causes are uncertain. It is clearly a lifestyle disorder in most of the patients along with known genetic predisposition. These are the young ladies who had irregular periods in their childhood till probably entering college. Then with increased intake of junk food and increased emotional stress of the bigger world that they are exposed to, the higher centers of the brain are under pressure which disturbs the pituitary gland functioning, which in turn, makes the ovaries produce immature eggs. These eggs grow slowly and never grow enough to rupture. That leads to delay in getting the menstrual flow.
If not treated or corrected it is associated with irregular periods, increased acne, and abnormal facial hair growth all of which lead to poor self-image of the patient and a lot of emotional suffering.
In a married woman, PCOD is the leading cause of infertility or inability to conceive. It also increases the chances of miscarriage during pregnant state. The woman is also more prone to developing hypertension or diabetes during pregnancy. All in all, it is a trans-monger in pregnancy.
In the woman who has completed family, it is the core reason of endometrial heavy menstruation over months and repeated recourse to gynaecologist. Other conditions like diabetes, obstructive sleep apnoea, heart diseases and cancer.
The only remedy is Lifestyle changes. Obesity is largely associated with PCOD. Let me tell you that here I have tried to just give the bird’s eye view of PCOD. There are many other aspects for cause and treatment which are to be completely tailor-made for each and every patient.
With regular exercise and healthy foods along with relaxation techniques, some yoga and pranayamcan go a long way in controlling PCOD.
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