Orthopaedic surgery doesn’t have to be hard
Orthopaedic surgery doesn’t have to be hard
Orthopaedic is a medical stream that emphases on injuries and other issues that are related to the body’s musculoskeletal system. This is a complex system that includes the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves. The orthopaedists care for the patients of all ages ranging from newborn to the clubfeet to young athletes to older people who are suffering from arthritis.
An orthopedic surgeon is a surgeon who has completed education and training in the diagnosis and pre and post-operative treatment of diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system. These surgeon helps in the diagnosis of certain injury or disorder and then treat the patients with specific medications, exercise, surgery or other treatment plans. Surgeons may also choose some rehabilitation exercises or other physical therapy as recommendations to restore the movement, strength, and function. Therefore, an orthopaedic surgeon is capable of treating any musculoskeletal system and other orthopaedists focuses on certain specific areas like foot and ankle, hand and wrist, shoulder, hip or knee, bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons and nerves and other conditions like Arthritis, bone tumours, cerebral palsy, clubfoot, dislocations, fractures sprains, muscle ligament and tendon damage, osteoporosis and other spine disorders.
How does an orthopedic surgeon treat a patient?
First of all the orthopedic surgeon will take a history of the particular illness or injury and then perform a particular physical examination. This will probably be followed by some diagnostic studies such as x-rays or blood tests. After completing all of it, the surgeon usually discusses to help the diagnosis and select the best treatment plan so that the patient is capable of leading an active and functional life.
Non-surgical treatment- Not all treatment performed by the orthopedics are surgical procedures, some are non-surgical procedures too. The non-surgical treatment option includes medications, exercises, and other rehabilitative or alternative therapies. For most of the orthopedic diseases and injuries, there is more than one form of treatment. If required the orthopedic surgeon may recommend undergoing a surgical procedure if the patient does not respond well to the no-surgical treatment.
Surgical treatment- The orthopedic surgeons typically performs numerous types of surgeries and the most common one includes-
- Arthroscopy- This is such a procedure that uses a special camera and an equipment to visualize, diagnose and treat the problems inside a joint.
- Fusion- This one is a welding process by which the bones are fused together with the bone grafts and internal devices such as metal rods to heal into a single solid bone.
- Internal fixation- This is a method to hold the broken pieces of bone in a proper position with the help of a metal plate, pins and screws while the recovery period.
- Joint replacement- Now a joint replacement can be partial, total and revision where an arthritic or people with a damaged joint is removed and then replaced with an artificial joint which is called a prosthesis.
- Osteotomy- This is basically a correction of the bone deformity by cutting and repositioning the bone when or where required.
- Soft tissue repair- The surgeon may also help in repairing the soft tissues such as torn tendons or ligaments.
Risks associated with undergoing an orthopedic surgery
After undergoing a surgical procedure, just like any other procedures, the patients are provided with some instructions that the patients must necessarily follow. The chances of any infections are more because the surgeons open up the skin and insert certain instruments. However, the chances of such risks can be completely avoided by maintaining a complete hygiene, cleanliness and sterilization protocols in the centers and clinics. Getting an infection after undergoing the surgery will extend the recovery time dramatically and severe cases of infections can be life threatening too. Some additional infection at the incision site may also give rise to some additional scar tissue and slow down the proper growth of the muscles.
The final verdict
Therefore, it is true that orthopedic surgery is not always a complex one. But to avoid any critical circumstances, it is a good idea to ask the surgeons about an emergency plan because any surgery would potentially include some risk despite all the right preparations, something can definitely go wrong. So before undergoing the procedure, the patients must make sure that the surgeons are well trained and have a pretty idea of combatting specific situation.