Latest Minimally Invasive Surgery Options in Orthopedics


Latest Minimally Invasive Surgery Options in Orthopedics

Minimally invasive surgery is also known as arthroscopy. There have been many advances in this type of surgery in last decade, some of which include quicker recovery times and lesser complications. It has also opened new ways to repair sports injuries, replace joints and treat complex musculoskeletal problems. It’s very important to understand what is involved with different types of minimally invasive surgery, to learn how minimally invasive surgery actually works. In traditional surgery, usually a big cut and notable trauma to delicate tissue surrounding the surgery area is required, but in minimally invasive orthopedic surgery, both the trauma to surrounding soft tissue and the size of surgical incisions are reduced in the same type of surgery. Small incisions to target only the problem area instead of exposing a whole joint by a huge, wide incision is revolutionary in orthopedics area of medicine. Also, the risk is also less during the surgery. Minimal invasive surgery has less post-operative pain and patients recover comparatively early.

Let’s talk about some of the latest Minimally Invasive Surgery Options in Orthopedics. There are many options available for minimally invasive surgery options available because of the wide variety of orthopedic injuries.

  1. Knee Arthroscopy – Knee arthroscopy is used for knee surgeries such as ACL tear reconstruction, Loose body removal, Meniscal tear repair or trimming, Removal of inflamed synovium. In this minimally invasive surgery, two or more small incisions are made in the knee. Through one incision a camera positioned on an arthroscope is inserted to see the insides of the joint. Then small tools are inserted through other cuts for the operation. The whole operation is broadcasted on a television screen to help direct the surgeon. With the help of this enlarged image of the interior of the knee, the surgeon gets a guidance in the surgery.
  2. Hip Arthroscopy – Hip arthroscopy is used for treating conditions such as Hip injuries, Femoroacetabular impingement, Hip injuries, Loose bodies in joint, Hip joint infection, Hip dysplasia, Synovitis, etc. In Hip arthroscopy, two or more small cuts are made on the Hip joint and then the surgeon inserts a camera to see the interior of the joint. The camera is inserted inside attached to a thin tube known as an arthroscope. Then small tools of surgery are used for the surgery through the other incisions. The whole operation is broadcasted on a television screen to help direct the surgeon. With the help of this enlarged image of inside the surgeon get an guidance in the surgery. There are many injuries that affect articular cartilage, labrum and other soft tissues surrounding the hip joint. Hip arthroscopy can help up to a great extent to reduce pain.
  3. Shoulder Arthroscopy – Like a regular minimally invasive surgery or arthroscopy, shoulder arthroscopy also uses a thin tube to insert a camera and visualize the interior of the affected joint, then use specialized small tools of surgery and perform operations. In the shoulder, injuries can happen to the rotator cuff tendons, articular cartilage, labrum and other soft tissues surrounding the joint. Shoulder arthroscopy is used for surgeries such as Rotator cuff repair, Shoulder instability repair, Removal of inflamed tissue, Bone spur removal, Labral repair or removal, etc.
  4. Wrist Arthroscopy – Unlike other arthroscopic surgeries Wrist Arthroscopy is not very common but can be used as a good alternative for many painful traditional wrist surgeries. Mostly it is used for carpal tunnel release procedures, but it can also be used for Ligament/TFCC tear repair, Fracture repair and Diagnosing or treating chronic wrist pain.
  5. Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery – Conventionally, spine surgeries are performed as an open surgery. But, if a surgeon can tell the exact point of your pain, minimally invasive surgical techniques can be used to treat the back and neck condition due to the new technological advances in this area of orthopedics. Minimally invasive spine surgery can be used to treat Spinal stenosis treatment, Spinal fusion, Herniated disc treatment and Spinal Decompression.
  6. Minimally Invasive Total Joint Replacement – Various different types of joint replacement such as hip, knee, and shoulder, etc. can be accomplished with the help of minimally invasive surgery.
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