Know Everything About Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) in Short

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Polycystic ovarian syndrome is the most common hormonal disorder, occurring in women in their reproductive life, about 4-10% of women have this disorder.

In PCOS, the ovaries are larger than normal and there are a series of undeveloped follicles that appear in clumps somewhat like a bunch of grapes.  Polycystic ovaries are not troublesome and may not always affect fertility. When the cyst causes hormonal imbalance, a pattern of symptoms appear.

Polycystic ovaries have been associated with one or more factors. These include :

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Insulin resistance or Hyperinsulinism that is high levels of insulin in blood
  • Hyperandrogenism – excess production of male hormones
  • Abnormality of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis.

 

Polycystic ovaries present with wide variety of symptoms that may vary with each individual, These include :

  • Multiple ovarian cysts on sonography
  • Irregular or absent menses
  • Infertility
  • Acne
  • Obesity or inability to lose weight
  • Excessive body or facial hair – Hirsutism
  • Thinning of the scalp hair
  • Velvety hyperpigmented skin folds also known as acanthosis nigricans
  • Multiple hormonal imbalance.

 

The treatment in polycystic ovaries is individualist, depending on the age at which the patient comes to you.

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