Lose weight by weight loss surgery or bariatric surgery

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Is it safe to lose weight by weight loss surgery or bariatric surgery?

Gastric bypass and other weight loss surgeries are actually found effective in making changes to the digestive system to help lose some weight by limiting the amount of food intake or by reducing the absorption of the nutrients or both. The people who undergo this procedure undergoes gastric bypass and other weight loss surgeries when dieting and exercise have not worked at all. People who experience some serious health issues due to excessive weight may also choose to undergo a gastric bypass surgery.

Now bariatric surgery is not a single procedure, rather it consists many different weight loss surgeries. Even though, gastric bypass is the most common type of bariatric surgery till now. There are numerous surgeons who prefer performing gastric bypass surgery since it includes fewer complications than any other weight loss surgeries. However, there are other forms of weight loss surgeries too that includes gastric bypass that is actually some major procedures which may pose some risks and side effects after following the procedure.

Who Must Undergo a Bariatric Surgery?

A gastric bypass surgery is typically done to help the candidates to pose some excess weight and also reduce the risk of potentially life-threatening weight-related health problems which may include-

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Severe Sleep Apnea
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Stroke

The gastric bypass and other weight loss surgeries are typically done when there are no resorts left to lose weight by improving the diet and exercise habit. In general, people with a body mass index (BMI) is 40 or higher than that that is who are extremely obese are recommended for the procedure. People with lower BMI like 35 to 39.9 and have a serious weight-related health problem such as diabetes 2 and high blood pressure may also choose this surgical procedure. But, the gastric bypass is not only for those severely overweight people. There are certain medical issues that must be accomplished to meet the requirements to undergo a weight loss surgery. So the potential candidates must necessarily go through a screening process to find out if they are qualified or not. But the interested patient must also be willing to make permanent changes by maintaining a healthier lifestyle by maintaining a long-term follow up a plan by monitoring the nutrition, lifestyle, and behavior.

Types of Bariatric Surgery

Each type of bariatric surgery is different from each other and has its own pros and cons. So following are some of the most common types of bariatric surgery-

  • Roux-en- This is a type of gastric bypass surgery which is a common method and the procedure is not a reversible one. Here the surgeon cuts across the topmost layer of the stomach by sealing it from the rest of the stomach. This results in the formation of a pouch which is capable of holding a limited amount of food like near about 3 pints of food. The surgeon also cuts off the small intestine and sews the part directly into the pouch.
  • Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch- This is another type of gastric bypass surgery which is no doubt a complex one and a multipart procedure where 80 percent of the stomach is being removed. This Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch surgery basically bypasses the majority of the intestine by connecting the end portion of the intestine to the duodenum near that stomach.
  • Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding- Adjustable Gastric Banding is also a weight loss surgical procedure where the surgeon positions an inflatable band that is placed around the uppermost part of the stomach. When the band is inflated it compresses the stomach and acts like a belt which separates the stomach into two parts.
  • Sleeve gastrectomy- This is a vertical sleeve gastrectomy which is a newer type of weight loss surgery. The sleeve gastrectomy is actually the first part of the surgical process for a biliopancreatic diversion thus giving rise to a duodenal switch.

Risks                   

As with any major surgical procedure, there are some other weight loss surgeries that create some health risks both in the short-term and long-term-

The short-term risks include excessive bleeding, infection, adverse reaction to anesthesia, the formation of blood clots, lung or breathing problems, leaks in the gastrointestinal system.

The other long-term risks and complications are a bowel obstruction, dumping syndrome, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting, low blood sugar level, malnutrition, stomach perforations, ulcers, vomiting. Death associated with this surgical procedure is rare.

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