What Are The Benefits Of Cataract Surgery?


What Are The Benefits Of Cataract Surgery?

As almost everyone knows cataract is an eye disease which happens when the lens inside the eye has become cloudy. It causes vision loss that cannot be corrected with glasses. Though sometimes a cataract occurs in young people because of medical conditions, such as diabetes, inflammatory conditions such as uveitis, or an injury to the lens of the eye, this disease majorly happens naturally to most of the people when they get older. Cataract can also be caused by radiation effects, genetics, trauma, skin diseases, excessive smoking and drinking, deficiency of vitamin C, etc. though it is not proven but if you want to avoid getting cataract you should not smoke an wear glasses in sun to protect your eyes, because these are potential causes of the diseases.

There are two types of cataract one is sclerotic or brunescent cataract and the second is a posterior subcapsular cataract. Symptoms include glare and reduction in vision which differs according to the type of cataract. It is diagnosed by visual acuity test. At first, cataract does not affect your vision, it slowly starts showing symptoms. First, the vision is blurred a little, then light from the sun or a lamp starts to seem too bright or glaring. Colors start appearing less bright than they once did.

Some early symptoms can be cured with wearing glasses and when it does not help, cataract surgery should be done. You can go for the cataract surgery when your cataracts have advanced enough to seriously harm your vision and affect your daily life. Earlier doctors used to wait until the cataract ripe in the eye to operate but not anymore, now the surgery can be performed at any stage of the disease. In operation, the surgeon will cut out the clouded lens and in most cases, the doctor will put a clear, plastic intraocular lens (IOL) in its place. Intraocular lenses are generally monofocal, which correct either distance or near vision. The recovery period after the cataract surgery is normally short. The patient is generally able to do work on his/her own on the day of surgery. It is considered to act cautiously and stay away from straining or heavy lifting for about a month. The eye is usually covered with bandages on the day of surgery and it is advised to use an eye shield at night for some days after surgery.

The main benefit of the cataract surgery is a better vision. After the surgery your blurred vision will be cured, you will have a better nighttime vision, colors will start to seem sharper, and you will stop seeing halos and star-bursts when looking at bright lights.

Apart from these basic results and benefits, you will also experience many changes such as it will improve your quality of life. Because of the cataract, you were unable to perform everyday tasks such as reading or driving, as well as the things you used to do for fun. You start feeling dependent and socially detached. Cataract might even cause depression and anxiety. So obviously when the cataract is removed from your eyes, you will go back to the better quality of life as all of these effects will go away. You will be able to read, write, drive and everything you used to do. Basically, the overall quality of your life gets improved.

With improved quality of life, the chances of living longer increases for older people. Many studies prove this that the mortality risk decreases when you go through a cataract surgery. It makes sense as after the surgery your mental health along with physical health gets better as you become social again and it enhances overall life satisfaction and enjoyment.

After cataract surgery, the risks of an accident such and falls and fractures also get reduced. Since your vision becomes blurry, you fall more often when you have a cataract. And as cataract mostly happens to older people, this is more dangerous and even may be fatal to them as their bones are already very weak, also chances of fractures are also high in elderly.

So the cataract surgery will not only give a boost to your vision but also give you a better life again with many benefits.

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